The seminar “Agriculture, Poverty, and Rural
Development under Globalization” was the fourth and last activity of the
2005 Agricultural Policy Forum promoted by the National Agricultural
Policy Center (NAPC) with the support of the FAO Project GCP/SYR/006/ITA.
Mr Donato Romano, Professor from University of Florence, Italy,
delivered the seminar on 20 December 2005 at the NAPC premises.
The seminar aimed at discussing the challenges of the globalization
phenomenon to Less Developed Countries (LDCs), and analyzing its
potential impacts with particular reference to agriculture and rural
development as well as poverty. The forum also intended to contribute to
a better understanding of the impacts resulting from globalization and
to the development of appropriate policies.
Mr Romano highlighted the different outcomes of globalization that work
in the economic and agriculture sectors. As a discriminating phenomenon,
globalization implies systematic asymmetries. The consequences of these
asymmetries are reflected in the changes in agricultural role in
economic development and in agricultural world trade and its
composition, which has witnessed a progressive shift from a comparative
advantages-based trade (implying cost competition), towards a
reputation-based trade (implying quality competition) for agricultural