-You would need to define and analyse three terms,"Gender (mainstreaming)", "water conservation" and "poverty". Rural and Urban what do these terms refer to?

Also try and think outside the box, question whether it is really possible to talk about a division between rural/urban poverty. Are they essentially different concepts? where are the overlaps? Can Gender really be related to Water Conservation?

In your plan you would also need to factor in space to create a balanced argument. Consider the differing points of view, the regional differences, cultural assumptions. Out of the backdrop of such balance you can they commit yourself to one point of view, having assessed them all.

In other words you need to demonstrate you have considered all aspects of the question critically and used your analytical skills to come to a conclusion.

You would need to define and analyse three terms, "Gender (mainstreaming)", "water conservation" and "poverty". Rural and Urban what do these terms refer to?

Also try and think outside the box, question whether it is really possible to talk about a division between rural/urban poverty. Are they essentially different concepts? where are the overlaps? Can Gender really be related to Water Conservation?

In your plan you would also need to factor in space to create a balanced argument. Consider the differing points of view, the regional differences, cultural assumptions. Out of the backdrop of such balance you can they commit yourself to one point of view, having assessed them all.

In other words you need to demonstrate you have considered all aspects of the question critically and used your analytical skills to come to a conclusion.

In answering this question you would first need to examine what is contained within the Turkish-Syrian FTA. Out of this examination you can then start to outline the potential benefits that might be on offer for Syria or the potential threats.

Again balance is important. Perhaps some agricultural trade will benefit others might suffer, but make this clear. Also it might be possible to briefly point to other effects of the FTA and therefore their potential benefits/costs.

Of course in making these assessments it is also useful for the reader to know how you think it is best for Syria to respond to these threats (if there are any) or to reap the benefits.

Finally, the paper would assess if it is possible, or even desirable, to offer a definitive answer to the question.

In answering this question you would first need to examine what is contained within the Turkish-Syrian FTA. Out of this examination you can then start to outline the potential benefits that might be on offer for Syria or the potential threats.

Again balance is important. Perhaps some agricultural trade will benefit others might suffer, but make this clear. Also it might be possible to briefly point to other effects of the FTA and therefore their potential benefits/costs.

Of course in making these assessments it is also useful for the reader to know how you think it is best for Syria to respond to these threats (if there are any) or to reap the benefits.

Finally, the paper would assess if it is possible, or even desirable, to offer a definitive answer to the question.

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Paper planning - developing an argument

All research needs to present an argument, whether it is to do with assessing or analysing a particular text, situation or event, comparing factors, coming to a conclusion about a specific issue or theory, or even developing original research. When planning how you are going to address your subject, you should bear in mind the need to come up with an argument to demonstrate that you can think critically: research never (or nearly never) asks requires you simply to describe a situation.

Everyone plans in different ways; you will be planning your paper all the way through the research process, and most probably throughout the writing process as well. You may find it helpful to keep a record of your thinking process either writing a list of how your main ideas connect, producing a spider diagram, or writing your main ideas for paragraphs on post-it notes which you can then move around when thinking about the most helpful structure for your paper.

You may find that you need to start doing the research first to work out what the different sections of the paper will be. The important thing is to give yourself the space and time to think through and explain an argument - so once you have decided what material you need to cover you need to make a decision about how you will analyse this material.

Look at each of these research topics and write in the box below the main points you think you should include in the paper. It does not matter if you do not know a great deal about the subject: think about how the question can be split up into smaller questions, issues which will need addressing, and terms which will need defining. Click the 'check your answer' box to find suggestions.

 

Title 1

"Gender Mainstreaming in Water Conservation. A Comparison between the role of Rural and Urban Poverty."

 

Title 2

"The Turkish-Syrian Free Trade Agreement: A Threat to Syrian Agriculture."